The process where infected nerves that form on the dental canals as a result of loss of liveliness of nerves and veins of teeth that appear due to the fractures and cracks on teeth, decays on teeth or wrong treatment processes, are cleaned, disinfected and filled with canal filling materials is named as root canal treatment.
In below cases, it is understood that treatment is needed:
Until the influence of anesthesia ends, nothing
should be eaten or drank.
During the treatment, dried nuts or other similar hard food should not be eaten and it should be avoided to chew gums. Most dental fractures occur between the sessions.
Attention should be paid for the temporary filling not to fall down between treatment sessions.
As anesthesia will be applied during root canal treatment, patient doesn't feel any pain.
After the treatment, there can be slight pain and sensitivity on tooth especially while chewing. There won't be any problems with using a light anti-inflammatory drug after the treatment for a few days.
Nowadays, due to the materials and techniques used in root canal treatment, majority of abscess at root edge can be treated and thus, it is not required to extract the tooth.
Under normal conditions, it is not required to use antibiotics in root canal treatment. However, if there is advanced infection or extreme sensitivity on tooth, antibiotics could be given.
Root canal filling is the process of cleaning and filling the root canal. Filling process is the restoration of crown part of tooth in the mouth that is visible, with composite filling, inlay, onlay or crown depending on the level of damage.
As tooth losses its liveliness as a result of canal treatment, it gets more fragile. As there is too much loss of material on teeth and as they get more fragile as a result of root canal treatment, after treatment dental veneers should be preferred.
Success rate of root canal treatments which are realized under sterile conditions in a correct way is between %90 - 95. If any uncleaned nerve tissue remains during treatment and in cases where root canal filling and upper filling are not realized sufficiently, as microorganisms enter the canal, and as perforation occurs or fractures are seen, it can be mentioned that root root canal treatment is unsuccessful. An unsuccessful root canal treatment could be noticed by the feeling of pain on teeth while eating, spontaneous pain, swelling or redness on root edge. By renewing the unsuccessful root canal treatment, the therapy is repeated. If this process is insufficient, by applying apicoectomy, root edge is reached surgically and infection is cleaned and it is closed. If repeating the canal treatment and the surgical intervention are insufficient, it can be needed to extract the tooth.
The Author of the Article: Dr. Gülşad Güngör